Stem Cells International
 Journal metrics
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Acceptance rate34%
Submission to final decision94 days
Acceptance to publication26 days
CiteScore8.800
Journal Citation Indicator0.770
Impact Factor5.443

Article of the Year 2021

Combined Use of Chitosan and Olfactory Mucosa Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells to Promote Peripheral Nerve Regeneration In Vivo

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 Journal profile

Stem Cells International publishes papers in all areas of stem cell biology and applications. The journal publishes basic, translational, and clinical research, including animal models and clinical trials.

 Editor spotlight

Chief Editor Professor Li has a background in cardiac stem cell transplantation, using young stem cells to promote tissue repair following injury to rejuvenate the aged individual, and the development of biomaterials that can easily integrate into damaged heart tissue.

 Special Issues

We currently have a number of Special Issues open for submission. Special Issues highlight emerging areas of research within a field, or provide a venue for a deeper investigation into an existing research area.

Latest Articles

More articles
Research Article

Species-Specific Enhancer Activity of OCT4 in Porcine Pluripotency: The Porcine OCT4 Reporter System Could Monitor Pluripotency in Porcine Embryo Development and Embryonic Stem Cells

The present study examined the activity and function of the pig OCT4 enhancer in the porcine early embryonic development stage and porcine authentic embryonic stem cells. OCT4 is known as a pluripotent regulator, and its upstream regulatory region-based dual-fluorescence protein reporter system controlled by distal and proximal enhancers is broadly used in studies examining the states and mechanism of pluripotency. We analyzed how this reporter system functions during early embryo development and in stem cells using a previously established porcine-specific reporter system. We demonstrated that the porcine OCT4 distal enhancer and proximal enhancer were activated with different expression patterns simultaneously as the expression of pluripotent marker genes changed during the development of in vitro pathenotes and the establishment of porcine embryonic stem cells (ESCs). This work demonstrates the applicability of the porcine OCT4 upstream region-derived dual-fluorescence reporter system, which may be applied to investigations of species-specific pluripotency in porcine-origin cells. These reporter systems may be useful tools for studies of porcine-specific pluripotency, early embryo development, and embryonic stem cells.

Review Article

The Role of Epigenetic in Dental and Oral Regenerative Medicine by Different Types of Dental Stem Cells: A Comprehensive Overview

Postnatal teeth, wisdom teeth, and exfoliated deciduous teeth can be harvested for dental stem cell (DSC) researches. These mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate and also consider as promising candidates for dental and oral regeneration. Thus, the development of DSC therapies can be considered a suitable but challenging target for tissue regeneration. Epigenetics describes changes in gene expression rather than changes in DNA and broadly happens in bone homeostasis, embryogenesis, stem cell fate, and disease development. The epigenetic regulation of gene expression and the regulation of cell fate is mainly governed by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation, histone modification, and noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs). Tissue engineering utilizes DSCs as a target. Tissue engineering therapies are based on the multipotent regenerative potential of DSCs. It is believed that epigenetic factors are essential for maintaining the multipotency of DSCs. A wide range of host and environmental factors influence stem cell differentiation and differentiation commitment, of which epigenetic regulation is critical. Several lines of evidence have shown that epigenetic modification of DNA and DNA-correlated histones are necessary for determining cells’ phenotypes and regulating stem cells’ pluripotency and renewal capacity. It is increasingly recognized that nuclear enzyme activities, such as histone deacetylases, can be used pharmacologically to induce stem cell differentiation and dedifferentiation. In this review, the role of epigenetic in dental and oral regenerative medicine by different types of dental stem cells is discussed in two new and promising areas of medical and biological researches in recent studies (2010-2022).

Research Article

MAPK/ERK-CBP-RFPL-3 Mediates Adipose-Derived Stem Cell-Induced Tumor Growth in Breast Cancer Cells by Activating Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase Expression

Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) improve the self-renewal and survival of fat grafts in breast reconstruction after oncology surgery. However, ASCs have also been found to enhance breast cancer growth, and its role in tumor proliferation remains largely elusive. Here, we explored a novel mechanism that mediates hTERT reactivation during ASC-induced tumor growth in breast cancer cells. In this study, we found the proliferative ability of breast cancer cells markedly increased with ASC coculture. To explore the molecular mechanism, we treated cells with anibody/inhibitor and found that the activation of MEK-ERK pathway was triggered in breast cancer cells by SCF secreted from ASCs, leading to the nuclear recruitment of CBP. As a coactivator of hTERT, CBP subsequently coordinated with RFPL-3 upregulated hTERT transcription and telomerase activity. The inhibition of CBP and RFPL-3 abrogated the activation of hTERT transcription and the promotion of proliferation in breast cancer cells with cocultured ASCs in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our study findings indicated that CBP coordination with RFPL-3 promotes ASC-induced breast cancer cell proliferation by anchoring to the hTERT promoter and upregulating telomerase activity, which is activated by the MAPK/ERK pathway.

Research Article

Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells Ameliorate Inflammation-Related Tumorigenesis via Modulating Macrophages

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been documented to be effective for the therapy of inflammation-related diseases but raised concerns on possible tumorigenic effects. Since most of the tumors are induced or promoted by chronic inflammation, one could expect that MSCs might be beneficial for the cancer therapy because of their potent roles on inhibiting inflammation. This study is aimed at performing a safety evaluation and evaluating the role of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (HUC-MSCs) on tumorigenesis. We found that HUC-MSCs cultured within 20 generations had no significant changes in proliferation, cell cycle, cellular senescence, apoptosis, and expression of mesenchymal stem cell markers. HUC-MSCs were unable to form any tumor in immunodeficiency or normal mice with or without inflammatory stimulation. Intriguingly, we observed that HUC-MSCs inhibited tumorigenesis in B16-derived or AOM/DSS-induced colon cancer models. We reasoned that the effect of HUC-MSCs on tumorigenesis might be through regulating the inflammatory response. Indeed, HUC-MSCs dramatically ameliorated the disease symptoms and pathological changes of DSS-induced colitis mice. We deciphered the mechanism that HUC-MSCs inhibited tumorigenesis through reducing the proportion of macrophages, which were decreased in the mice suffered from AOM/DSS-induced colon cancer. Correspondingly, the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6, which were secreted by macrophages, were significantly decreased in the plasma of colon cancer and colitis mice after injection of HUC-MSCs. This study revealed the role of inhibiting macrophages and shed light on the therapeutic application of HUC-MSCs in inflammation-induced tumorigenesis.

Review Article

Models and Molecular Markers of Spermatogonial Stem Cells in Vertebrates: To Find Models in Nonmammals

Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are the germline stem cells that are essential for the maintenance of spermatogenesis in the testis. However, it has not been sufficiently understood in amphibians, reptiles, and fish because numerous studies have been focused mainly on mammals. The aim of this review is to discuss scientific ways to elucidate SSC models of nonmammals in the context of the evolution of testicular organization since rodent SSC models. To further understand the SSC models in nonmammals, we point out common markers of an SSC pool (undifferentiated spermatogonia) in various types of testes where the kinetics of the SSC pool appears. This review includes the knowledge of (1) common molecular markers of vertebrate type A spermatogonia including putative SSC markers, (2) localization of the markers on the spermatogonia that have been reported in previous studies, (3) highlighting the most common markers in vertebrates, and (4) suggesting ways of finding SSC models in nonmammals.

Review Article

Ischemic Brain Stroke and Mesenchymal Stem Cells: An Overview of Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Potential

Ischemic brain injury is associated with a high rate of mortality and disability with no effective therapeutic strategy. Recently, a growing number of studies are focusing on mesenchymal stem cell-based therapies for neurodegenerative disorders. However, despite having the promising outcome of preclinical studies, the clinical application of stem cell therapy remained elusive due to little or no progress in clinical trials. The objective of this study was to provide a generalized critique for the role of mesenchymal stem cell therapy in ischemic stroke injury, its underlying mechanisms, and constraints on its preclinical and clinical applications. Thus, we attempted to present an overview of previously published reports to evaluate the progress and provide molecular basis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy and its application in preclinical and clinical settings, which could aid in designing an effective regenerative therapeutic strategy in the future.

Stem Cells International
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate34%
Submission to final decision94 days
Acceptance to publication26 days
CiteScore8.800
Journal Citation Indicator0.770
Impact Factor5.443
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Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2021, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.