BioMed Research International
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Acceptance rate23%
Submission to final decision89 days
Acceptance to publication21 days
CiteScore5.000
Journal Citation Indicator0.610
Impact Factor3.411

A Heart Segmentation Algorithm Based on Dynamic Ultrasound

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BioMed Research International publishes original research articles and review articles covering a wide range of subjects within the biomedical sciences. The journal will accept both basic and translational research.

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BioMed Research International maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.

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We currently have a number of Special Issues open for submission. Special Issues highlight emerging areas of research within a field, or provide a venue for a deeper investigation into an existing research area.

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Research Article

Comparison of the Oral Microbiota Structure among People from the Same Ethnic Group Living in Different Environments

The characteristics of the oral microbiota may depend on oral health, age, diet, and geography, but the influence of the geographic setting on the oral microbiota has received limited attention. The characteristics of oral microbiota have been reported to differ between urban and rural environments. In order to minimize the influence of genetic background, we recruited 54 volunteers from the same ethnic group, living in urban and rural areas of Gansu Province, China. We collected dental plaque samples and divided them into four groups according to the participant’s area of residence and dental caries status. We sequenced the 16S rRNA of these samples using the Pacific Biosciences sequencing platform and analyzed the correlation between the geographic area and the characteristics of the oral microbiota. Analysis of the alpha and beta diversity revealed that there were significant differences in diversity and composition of dental plaque microflora among the four groups. Cluster analysis revealed that geographic area played an important role in determining the oral microbiota. Network analysis of oral microorganisms showed that geographic differences had major influence on the composition characteristics and internal structure of oral microorganisms. We found that some dominant strains which may play a key role in maintaining oral health, such as Streptococcus oralis, Capnocytophaga sputigena, Porphyromonas catoniae, Corynebacterium matruchotii, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Prevotella loescheii, were less affected by the geographic setting. These results provide a deeper understanding of factors influencing the composition of the oral microbiota and could contribute to early diagnosis and effective prevention of dental caries in different settings.

Research Article

An Automated Deep Learning Model for the Cerebellum Segmentation from Fetal Brain Images

Cerebellum measures taken from routinely obtained ultrasound (US) images have been frequently employed to determine gestational age and identify developing central nervous system’s anatomical abnormalities. Standardized cerebellar assessments from large-scale clinical datasets are required to investigate correlations between the growing cerebellum and postnatal neurodevelopmental results. These studies could uncover structural abnormalities that could be employed as indicators to forecast neurodevelopmental and growth consequences. To achieve this, higher-throughput, precise, and impartial measures must be used to replace the existing human, semiautomatic, and advanced algorithms, which seem to be time-consuming and inaccurate. In this article, we presented an innovative deep learning (DL) technique for automatic fetal cerebellum segmentation from 2-dimensional (2D) US brain images. We present ReU-Net, a semantic segmentation network tailored to the anatomy of the fetal cerebellum. Moreover, we use U-Net as a foundation models with the incorporation of residual blocks and Wiener filter over the last 2 layers to segregate the cerebellum (c) from the noisy US data. 590 images for training and 150 images for testing were taken; also, we employed a 5-fold cross-assessment method. Our ReU-Net scored 91%, 92%, 25.42, 98%, 92%, and 94% for Dice Score Coefficient (DSC), F1-score, Hausdorff Distance (HD), accuracy, recall, and precision, correspondingly. The suggested method outperforms the other U-Net predicated techniques by a quantitatively significant margin (). Our presented approach can be used to allow high bandwidth imaging techniques in medical study fetal US images as well as biometric evaluation on a broader scale in fetal US images.

Research Article

Accurate Adiabatic and Diabatic Potential Energy Surfaces for the Reaction of He + H2

The accurate adiabatic and diabatic potential energy surfaces, which are for the two lowest states of He + H2, are presented in this study. The Molpro 2012 software package is used, and the large basis sets (aug-cc-pV5Z) are selected. The high-level MCSCF/MRCI method is employed to calculate the adiabatic potential energy points of the title reaction system. The triatomic reaction system is described by Jacobi coordinates, and the adiabatic potential energy surfaces are fitted accurately using the B-spline method. The equilibrium structures and electronic energies for the H2 are provided, and the corresponding different levels of vibrational energies of the ground state are deduced. To better express the diabatic process of the whole reaction, avoid crossing points being calculated and conical intersection also being optimized. Meanwhile, the diabatic potential energy surfaces of the reaction process are constructed. This study will be helpful for the analysis of histopathology and for the study in biological and medical mechanisms.

Research Article

Clinical Outcomes of Cannulated Screws versus Ring Pin versus K-Wire with Tension Band Fixation Techniques in the Treatment of Transverse Patellar Fractures: A Case-Control Study with Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up

Purpose. K-wire with tension band (KTB) technique has long been the primary surgical method for transverse patella fractures; however, it also has shortcomings. This study is aimed at evaluating the three different techniques to see whether the cannulated screw tension band (CSTB) or ring pin tension band (RPTB) techniques could decrease complications and achieve better knee function compared with KTB. Methods. We conducted a retrospective comparison of the KTB, CSTB, and RPTB fixation techniques. We selected and reviewed 90 patients (30 patients in each fixation group) with follow-up at least 2 years. Duration of operation, intraoperative blood loss, mean healing time, visual analog scale score, range of motion, Böstman score, Iowa knee score, modified Lysholm rating scale, and postoperative complications were compared. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify the independent risk factors for fracture healing time, postoperative complications, and knee function recovery. Results. After adjusting for confounding factors, multivariate regression analysis revealed that CSTB was 0.26 times (95% CI: 0.08-0.86, ) less likely to prolong fracture healing time, 0.20 times (95% CI: 0.06-0.64, ) lesser risk of postoperative complications, and more than four times (95% CI: 1.41-13.56, ) as likely to improve the knee function score compared with KTB. Besides, RPTB were also superior to KTB in reducing the incidence of postoperative complications (OR: 0.21, 95% CI: 0.07-0.64, ) and improved knee function score (OR: 3.96, 95% CI: 1.30-12.08, ); however, the CSTB group being more superior. In addition, AO/OTA C2 fractures (OR, odds ratio: 10.68, 95% CI: 1.30-87.70, ) and high-energy fracture (OR: 8.78, 95% CI: 1.57-49.17, ) were also associated with prolonged fracture healing time but not with postoperative complications and knee function. No significant differences in related indicators such as gender, age, BMI, AO/OTA classification, fracture side, injury mechanism, duration of operation, and intraoperative blood loss were detected among the three groups. Conclusion. This study demonstrated that the CSTB technique is superior to KTB and RPTB techniques in reducing the incidence of postoperative complications, and it also has advantages in accelerating fracture healing, achieving better VAS, ROM, and functional recovery. Further long-term large-sized prospective randomized trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy of the KTB in treating transverse patellar fractures.

Research Article

Neural Peptide α-CGRP Coregulated Angiogenesis and Osteogenesis via Promoting the Cross-Talk between Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Endothelial Cells

Background. The coupled vascularization and bone remodeling are key steps during bone healing, during which the cross-talk between mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and endothelial cells plays vital roles. Evidence indicates the well-characterized neuropeptide Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide-α (CGRP) is proven to play an important role during bone regeneration. However, the regulatory effects of αCGRP on angiogenesis and osteogenesis, as well as underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms, remain unclear. Aim. The present study was performed to verify the availability of the CGRP for osteogenic capacity in MSCs and explore its potential underlying molecular mechanism. After that, the promoted angiogenic effect of CGRP as well as its underlying mechanisms was studied. Methods and Results. The results showed that CGRP could significantly increase the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) level and promote the osteogenesis ability of MSCs via cAMP/PKA signaling pathway. Direct exposure to CGRP increased nitric oxide synthase expression, the release of NO, tube formation, and wound healing of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The CGRP-treated MSCs were observed with high expression levels of angiogenic factors, such as bFGF and VEGF-α; the conditioned medium derived from CGRP-treated MSCs was also able to promote tube formation and transmembrane migration of HUVECs. Conclusion. These findings demonstrate the coregulated angiogenesis and osteogenesis effects of CGRP, especially for its regulation effects on the cross-talk between mesenchymal stem cells and endothelial cells.

Research Article

Efficacy Assessment of Phentolamine Accompanied by Lidocaine Subcutaneously under Ultrasound Guidance on Radial Artery Catheterization in Pediatric Patients

Objective. Pediatric patients are facing greater difficulties in radial catheterization for anatomic variation and smaller diameter. This study is to investigate the efficacy of phentolamine accompanied by lidocaine subcutaneously under ultrasound guidance on radial catheterization in pediatric patients. Methods. 66 pediatric patients were enrolled and randomly divided into saline group, phentolamine group, and phentolamine+lidocaine group. Baseline characteristics and surgical types were collected. Relevant solutions were subcutaneously injected, and catheterization was subsequently conducted under ultrasound guidance. Radial artery diameter and depth were measured, the success rate of catheterization and procedure time were calculated, and the complications were evaluated with ultrasonography. Results. No significant differences were observed in age, sex, weight, American Society of Anesthesiologists’ classification, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, hemoglobin, and surgical types among three groups. Subcutaneously, the diameter in phentolamine and phentolamine+lidocaine groups increased significantly compared with the saline group. Moreover, the diameter also increased significantly after injection compared with that before injection both in the phentolamine and phentolamine+lidocaine groups. The first-attempt success rates were significantly higher while the procedure times of cannulation were shorter in the phentolamine and phentolamine+lidocaine groups than that in the saline group. Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that the overall procedure time was shorter in the phentolamine and phentolamine+lidocaine groups than the saline group. Overall complications and vasospasm incidence were lower in the phentolamine and phentolamine+lidocaine groups than the saline group. Conclusion. Phentolamine accompanied by lidocaine subcutaneous injection under ultrasound guidance improved the first-attempt success rate and reduced the complication of radial artery catheterization in pediatric patients.

BioMed Research International
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate23%
Submission to final decision89 days
Acceptance to publication21 days
CiteScore5.000
Journal Citation Indicator0.610
Impact Factor3.411
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